How Many Types of Societies Exist?

Ten types of societies exist around the world, including hunting and gathering, simple horticultural, advanced horticultural, simple agrarian, advanced agrarian, simple herding, advanced herding and industrial. Many societies exist on products and resources provided by natural environments on land while others, such as fishing societies and maritime societies, depend on the sea or other bodies of water for sustenance and economic sustainability.

The 10 defined types of human societies exist throughout the world. Variations in societies exist from use of technology and tools, and from differences in natural environments. Originally, human societies worldwide shared a hunting and gathering lifestyle. Fishing societies emerged next, followed by horticultural and agrarian societies. Industrial societies emerged in modern history. Industrialized societies feature a greater use of technologies and tools than other societies. Many factors contribute to the development of societies. Population size plays a key role in determining type of society as smaller groups have lower levels of technological capabilities. Industrialized and technologically advanced societies have permanent populations and greater degrees of social complexity. Industrialized societies form in urbanized areas, such as cities and metropolitan areas. In contrast, hunting and gathering societies and some agrarian societies emerge in remote areas where undeveloped land and open space allow for crop production and livestock grazing.