Lance Armstrong won the Tour de France seven consecutive times from 1999 to 2005. In 2005, allegations of doping began to plague Armstrong. Despite denying any wrongdoing, he abruptly retired.
In 2006, Armstrong was cleared by independent Dutch investigators of taking EPO, a performance-enhancing drug, but accusations continued. Amid investigations, Armstrong returned to cycling for the 2009 Tour de France and finished third. Armstrong competed again in the 2010 Tour de France and finished 64th. He retired for the second time in 2011.
In 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency found evidence of Armstrong trafficking and taking performance-enhancing drugs. He was subsequently stripped of all seven of his Tour de France titles and banned from the sport for life. The rise and fall of Armstrong’s career is chronicled in a 2013 documentary called “The Armstrong Lie.”