Each state in the United States is represented by two senators in the Senate, regardless of the state's total population. This means that the largest and most populous states, such as California and Texas, have the same proportion of Senatorial representation as smaller, less populous states such as Connecticut and Rhode Island. Each Senator serves a 6-year term and may be re-elected indefinitely, with no term limits existing for senators who are able to achieve reelection ever 6 years.
The Senate is the house of the bicameral United States Congress that has an unchanging proportion of representation allotted to each U.S. state. As there are currently 50 states as of 2014, there are 100 Senators, two for each state, serving in the Senate. There are also two unofficial "shadow Senators" who are elected by and represent the District of Columbia. This is in contrast with the other house of Congress, the House of Representatives, in which there are 435 Representative seats that are distributed to each state based on its population, with the most populous states receiving the most representative seats. Senators are elected by the state as a whole, yet another contrast from the House of Representatives, in which representatives are elected by a limited district within the state, with one Representative assigned to each district.