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What are the main concepts of sociology?

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Quick Answer

The main concepts of sociology include the history and theories to explain and predict human behavior and interaction; the symbols, values, norms and languages of cultures and society; and social interactions and social control. Class systems within cultures and groups are also a main concept of sociology.

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When studying sociology, students are typically exposed to concepts such as social patterns and implications of sex, gender and sexuality within society and its impact on the economy, workplace relations and family life. Race, ethnicity and age are main concepts of sociology typically studied. Theories and behaviors surrounding discrimination, minority and majority groups, ageism and racism are key topics of discussion in sociology classes.

Sociology covers concepts surrounding families as well, including types of families, types of marriages and patterned behaviors and learning experiences found within nuclear and extended families. Education, a main concept in sociology, explores social class and schooling, curriculum challenges based on the class system and status systems within education. Concepts within education also correlate with sociology concepts regarding politics and economics, such as socialism, communism, capitalism and models of power.

Main concepts of sociology also include demographic, urban, medicinal and religious patterns of behavior. For example, sociology students may evaluate characteristics of professions, the role of morbidity and mortality in society and beliefs of different types of religion. Demographic theories and the effects of deindustrialization are also key concepts in sociology.

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