On an individual basis, poverty is caused by the level of education, skill, intelligence and experience one has. Mental and physical handicaps, feebleness due to age and discrimination due to sexual orientation, race, sex and other bigotry also are causes. Causes on a societal level include warfare, agricultural cycles, natural disasters, droughts and flooding.Continue Reading
There are at least two approaches to explaining societal poverty, including case and generic theories. The case approach says that individual theories (or cases) of poverty make up the aggregate (or total) reasons for societal poverty. The generic theory of poverty, however, maintains that systemwide societal problems, such as low national income, cause individual cases of poverty.
In other words, case theories believe in combating poverty by addressing individual causes. Generic theory, on the other hand, believes in combating poverty by addressing the overarching social and economic issues that cause it.
For example, in case theory, if the cause of poverty is believed to be lack of education or skills, then the solution is better educating individuals in poverty. According to generic theory, however, the issue of poverty would be better solved by improving the quantity and quality of jobs nationwide.
Some scholars who like a generic approach say that some underlying problems that cause poverty include the fact that there aren’t enough employment opportunities that produce a livable wage, or the fact that a country has a low national income. Another country-specific example is warfare. For example, the per capita GDP of Iraq dropped from $2,500 to $761 due to the Persian Gulf War between 1990 to 1993.Learn more about Social Sciences
Causes of poverty in India include lack or resources, high levels of illiteracy, high population growth and caste system. Other factors may include large families and unequal distribution of income.Full Answer >
Some leading causes of poverty include warfare, corruption, food dumping, wasteful agriculture and environmental degradation. Other causes are poor management of local resources, high population density, information illiteracy, world hunger and national debt. Another cause of poverty is the unfair rules of trade where large corporations and a few wealthy countries formulate trade rules that favor them and disfavor the poor countries.Full Answer >
Some of the main causes of poverty in the Philippines include low economic growth, low job quality, high inflation, high population growth, a lacking agriculture sector and recurring natural disasters. The Philippines struggles with poverty and vast inequality between social classes.Full Answer >
Some causes of poverty around the world include a lack of control over local resources, high population density, lack of access to education and marital instability. National debt, vulnerability to natural disasters and unstable food prices also contribute to poverty.Full Answer >