A linear settlement is a form of settlement where buildings are built along the river, a coastline or a road. It usually forms a long and narrow pattern, which can be maintained even when the population grows.
Linear settlements are formed as a result of main transport networks, such as roads, railways and geographical restrictions. Good examples are the communities along Saint Lawrence river in Quebec, Canada. Other types of settlement include nucleated settlement, which are buildings concentrated around a central place, such as a market, and dispersed settlement where buildings are spread out, and a good example is rural areas.