Lifestyle choices affect cardiovascular, psychological, nutritional, skeletal and neurological health, notes the National Health Service. For example, smoking and drinking alcohol in excess both lead to stroke, heart disease and cancer. Eating a poor diet that is overly-processed and lacks nutritive quality leads to obesity, malnutrition, diabetes, heart disease and cancer. Living a sedentary lifestyle leads to many of the same dangerous outcomes and increases the risk of death substantially.
Making healthy lifestyle choices can prolong a person's lifespan and helps to avoid many serious forms of illness. Eating several servings of fresh fruits and vegetables each day along with fibrous legumes bolsters the immune system so that it is able to fight off diseases more efficiently. Probiotics found in living cultures, such as yogurt and unfermented sauerkraut, strengthen the digestive system and ward off several forms of disease known to affect the gut. Avoiding foods that are high in saturated fats, sodium, processed chemicals, trans fats and added sugars is recommended to keep the body clear of harmful substances so that it can function efficiently. Remaining physically active and engaging in several hours of exercise each week is key for both improving cardiovascular health and maintaining a balanced emotional and psychological vitality.