Karl Marx's contributions to sociology include the concepts of dialectical materialism and alienation. Along with Emile Durkheim and Max Weber, Marx is seen as one of the three founders of the social sciences. Marx's theories, which have come to be grouped under the term Marxism, centered on the intersection of society, economics and politics.Continue Reading
Marx perceived societal progress in human history through the idea of class struggle. The notion of dialectical materialism focuses, in some sense, on the societal struggle between the ruling economic class and the subjugated working class. Marx saw this system as untenable and predicted that the economic apparatus of capitalism would eventually collapse on itself, leading to socialism.
Marx was among the first thinkers to recognize the sociological impact of economics and class stratification. He investigated the effects of the capitalist system on the lives of workers as well the deep relationship between class inequality and culture.
Marx wrote extensively about the problem of alienation, in which laborers essentially give up their labor to the market, seeing little in return – small profits and no sense of accomplishment at having actually made something. Marx argued that this alienation from labor, as well as the alienation of being trapped in a social class with little control over economic circumstances, amounted to a fundamental disconnection between humans and their humanity.Learn more about Social Sciences
Although Karl Marx died long before the Russian Revolution actually took place, he is credited with having the radical political views that eventually led to the revolution. Mark was an extremely influential writer in the 1800s. With the help of Friedrich Engels, he published the work “The Communist Manifesto,” which discussed the theory of socialism following the problems found with capitalism.Full Answer >
Karl Marx was a philosopher who believed that capitalism was flawed and that socialist economic approaches would yield better results. His work influenced a wide range of later economists and philosophers. The merit of his work is still heavily debated.Full Answer >
Karl Marx was highly influential in the founding of sociology and is regarded as the founder of the sociopolitical theory known as Marxism. His socialist work as a journalist got him exiled from the countries of Belgium and France.Full Answer >
One of the strengths of Karl Marx's theories is his sociological observation that a capitalist and industrialized society can become divided by the class struggle between the owners of production and those who provide the labor required for its operation. Marx believed that the growing divide in a capitalist society could eventually reach a flash point that would result in a revolutionary process and the subsequent replacement of the previous society with a more egalitarian one. One of the weaknesses in Marx's theories, however, is his inability to adequately describe what type of workable and functioning society would replace the old one.Full Answer >