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What is incongruence in psychology?

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Incongruence comes from Carl Rogers' humanistic approach to psychology, and it reflects a difference between a person's self-image and actual experience. Almost everyone experiences a certain amount of incongruence in their life, according to Carl Rogers. It is rare for individuals to feel congruent in all areas of their life.

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Rogers' approach to psychology suggests that humans want to experience and behave in ways that are consistent with their self-image and what they would like to be, their ideal-self. However, the further apart those two things are, the more incongruent an individual feels. When that happens, humans use defense mechanisms such as denial to feel less threatened.

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