An important concept in Greek art and architecture was arete, a Greek word meaning excellence, particularly in human accomplishments. Through their temples, sculpture, and pottery, the Greeks exhibited the principle of their culture – “Man is the measure of all things.”
Greek artists studied human forms closely to create idealized figures in paintings and sculpture. Much of Greek art and architecture was created to honor the gods, who were portrayed with human traits and personalities. Art and architecture were a source of pride for Greek citizens, and the government sponsored many works for public enjoyment Typically, a city-state set aside an elevated portion of land for an acropolis, where temples or palaces were constructed.