What Is the Importance of the Constitution in the Philippines?

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The Philippines Constitution is meant to set up a just and humane society, based on the ideals and aspirations of the Filipino people, according to the Filipino Constitution, as provided by The Lawphil Project. The constitution also establishes national sovereignty over all of the Philippine islands.

The constitution of the Philippines is the supreme law of the land as of 1987. Prevailing themes throughout the document are peace and equality. Adherence to international law is also important. The state has the right to pursue international relations with other nations, and nuclear weapons of any kind are restricted from the Philippine islands. The constitution is also meant to establish government authority and protect the welfare of the Filipino people. Democratic institutions have been set up, such as universal voting rights for people 18 years old or older. There are also judicial, executive and congressional branches of governance.

Certain freedoms are afforded to the Filipino people, such as the right to be safe and secure in their persons, as noted in Article III, Section 2 of its Bill of Rights. Other freedoms secured are due process of law, freedom of speech and private property rights. The constitution also states that civilian authority overrides the military in all functions. The role of the armed forces is to be a protector of the Filipino people and the state.