What Are Some Ideal Foods for Diabetics?

The best food choices to incorporate in a diabetic diet plan include fat-free milk and yogurt, beans, dark-green leafy vegetables, sweet potatoes, citrus fruits, tomatoes, berries, nuts, whole grains and fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids, as listed by the American Diabetes Association. These diabetes “superfoods” are characterized by a low glycemic index and contain essential nutritional components, such as magnesium, potassium, calcium, fiber and vitamins.

Diabetes is a serious medical condition in which the body has abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood. Diabetics are strongly advised to control their blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol to reduce the risks brought on by the disease, including coronary diseases and stroke, according to NIHSeniorHealth. One way to manage diabetes is through eating a balanced meal plan to maintain healthy levels of blood sugar.

Foods that are highly recommended for diabetics are typically unprocessed whole foods. Common examples include whole-wheat flour, brown rice, corn and corn-derived products, whole-grain bread and cereals, such as oatmeal. Collards, kale, spinach, arugula and lettuce are also beneficial to diabetics due to their low caloric content. Fresh vegetables are best eaten uncooked or slightly steamed, grilled or roasted, as suggested by WebMD.

Citrus fruits and berries, such as grapefruits, lemons, limes, oranges, strawberries and blueberries, are rich in vitamins, fiber and antioxidants. Omega-3 fatty acids are also important dietary components in a diabetic meal plan. Salmon is one of the best sources of these organic compounds. Omega-3 fatty acids can also be obtained from certain nuts and seeds, such as flax seeds and walnuts.