Ideal culture refers to the idealized system of norms and values that a society claims to believe. The ideal culture exists in tandem with the real culture, which involves the actual values and norms followed by a society. Ideal culture contains the standards that a society tries to live up to.Continue Reading
The values in an ideal culture are absolute and without exception. On a day-to-day basis, though, exceptions are made to the ideal values. There is a gap, then, between the ideal culture that a society says it has and believes in and the real culture that a society actually follows.
For example, the culture of the United States professes to value equality. However, examples of inequality are found all around. Another example is how marriage is perceived in American ideal culture. Ideally, marriage is a union of romantic love, monogamous and lifelong. In practice, though, exceptions are made. Not all marriages are based on notions of love, and not all marriages remain monogamous. More significantly, not all marriages are lifelong. The ideal value of marriage as a lifelong commitment is not followed. In real culture, exceptions to this ideal are made, as divorces are not only permissible, but commonplace.Learn more about Social Sciences
The difference between values and norms is that the former are abstract thoughts while the latter are external actions. In sociology, a culture's values relate to commonly held beliefs about what is considered desirable and proper, while cultural norms are the established behaviors that reflect those values.Full Answer >
Sociocultural perspective refers to a point of view that is built upon the idea that society and culture are major factors influencing personal development. It is an outlook that considers an individual through the lens of sociocultural theory, a psychological theory that assumes a person's cognitive development is determined by a number of social relations and environmental contexts. Fundamentally, the theory assumes that people are heavily influenced by their social environment.Full Answer >
Culture strongly influences how an individual approaches education, and a society's culture determines how that society educates its citizens. Because culture consists of values and beliefs that influence practices, students are more likely to engage in education that aligns with and includes their cultural identity. An increasing number of schools are approaching curriculum building with culture in mind.Full Answer >
The basic concepts of sociology revolve around the patterns of human behavior that sociology looks to study: society and culture, ways in which individuals and groups interact and the factors which influence an individual's role in society. The paradigms of sociology, including functionalist, conflict, symbolic interactionist, exchange and ethno-methodology will shape the way these concepts are applied.Full Answer >