What Is the Holy Book of Judaism?

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The primary holy book of the Jewish faith is known as the Torah, which comprises the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy; these are also the first five books of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, although “Old Testament” is not a term that followers of the Jewish faith typically apply to the Torah. The Torah can also be known as the Pentateuch, and it is accompanied by holy texts such as the Talmud, an authoritative book of biblical interpretations and Jewish oral traditions. According to Jewish religious tradition, God gave the Torah to Moses on Mount Sinai.

In addition to the Talmud, the Torah is supported by holy books, such as the Siddur, a prayerbook that includes daily prayers for morning, afternoon and evening, and special occasion prayers for events, such as holy days. Other writings that are important to practicing the Jewish faith include the kashrut, or rules for kosher dietary laws. Although only very religious Jewish people tend to stay kosher all year round in the modern world, these dietary laws, which abolish mixing dairy and meat products and the consumption of foods, such as pork and shellfish, are very important for certain practitioners of the Jewish faith.