Who Holds Political Power in a Democracy?

The people hold political power in a democracy. The system lets people choose their leaders through a competitive process and hold them accountable for their policies and conduct in public office. The people elect their representatives in law-making organs of the government, and those who lead them at national and state or local levels.

In a democracy, citizens are allowed active participation in all political and civil processes. The principle demands that elected public officials conduct business in line with the needs and demands of the people. The officials are subject to elections at intervals prescribed by law and cannot extend their stay in public office without procedural authorization from the electorate.

For the voice of the people to be heard, elections are overseen by a neutral and professional body that treats all competing parties impartially. Those who seek power from the people are allowed free space to sell their ideologies. The people are allowed to decide and transfer power to leaders of their choice without being intimidated or assaulted.

The system is a rule of law where all citizens, including those at leadership, are equally subject to laws of a country. While the majority have their way in a democracy, the rights of the minority are upheld.