A healthy diet plan for someone with diabetes includes a variety of foods including vegetables and whole grains, according to the American Diabetes Association. People with diabetes should also eat non-fat dairy products, beans and lean meats. Poultry and fish are also excellent protein sources.
Those with diabetes should avoid saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol and sodium whenever possible. Instead, foods that are rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber are encouraged, explains Mayo Clinic. Processed foods should also be avoided.
Heart-healthy fish such as salmon, halibut, cod or tuna should be eaten at least twice weekly, recommends Mayo Clinic. Fiber-rich foods such as whole-wheat flour, wheat bran, nuts and legumes are ideal, as they promote cardiac health and also regulate blood sugar levels.
When forming and following a healthy diet plan, it's crucial to count carbohydrates and eat the same amount of them at the same time each day, states Mayo Clinic. A registered dietitian can provide information specific to an individual regarding appropriate carbohydrate sources and amounts, as well as proper insulin compensation.
Some people with diabetes use the foods list system or the glycemic index for diet planning, notes Mayo Clinic. When considering a healthy diet plan, consider size and physical activity level. Find suitable food portions to fit the specific needs, based on activity level.