Q:

What are Freud's three levels of consciousness?

A:

Quick Answer

In psychoanalytic theory, the three levels of consciousness as outlined by Sigmund Freud are the conscious, preconscious and unconscious minds. Freud likened this theory to an iceberg with a visible tip, the conscious mind; an obscured but visible middle, the preconscious; and a bulk hidden beneath the water, the unconscious.

Continue Reading

Full Answer

In Freud's model of the mind, the conscious mind is formed by the thoughts and feelings that a person is actively aware of and able to reason about. The preconscious is made up of all available memory that has not been accessed by the conscious mind. The unconscious mind consists of repressed instincts, feelings and urges that are negative or shameful. Freud theorized that the preconscious and unconscious exert a powerful influence over the conscious mind without a person's awareness.

Learn more about Psychology

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What were some of Sigmund Freud's psychodynamic theories?

    A:

    Sigmund Freud was the originator of psychoanalysis, and contributed many psychodynamic theories to popular understanding, including the notion that human emotions and actions are largely controlled by unconscious motivations and that the psyche has three notable parts: Id, Ego and Superego. Freud also introduced the psychosexual stages of development.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is Sigmund Freud's Iceberg Theory?

    A:

    Rather than being a theory unto itself, Freud uses the iceberg is as an explanatory tool for his theory of the conscious and unconscious. In essence, Freud explains his theory topographically through the use of the iceberg as a dominant metaphor.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the four levels of consciousness?

    A:

    The four levels of consciousness are unconscious incompetent, unconscious competent, conscious incompetent and conscious competent. Noel Burch, an employee with Gordon Training International, developed the model of the four levels of consciousness in 1970 as a way to describe the psychological stages one goes through while learning a new skill.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some postulations of Kohlberg's theory of development?

    A:

    Kohlberg's theory of development posits that during life people go through six levels of moral development, notes Professor Robert N. Barger. The first level, which exists through elementary school for most people, consists of obedience to socially acceptable norms due to the threat or application of punishment for deviation.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore