What Are Four Types of Local Government?

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The four types of local governments are counties, townships, special districts and municipalities. Generally, counties cover the largest area. These governments are typically charged with enforcing state laws inside its boundaries. This involves peacekeeping, taxation, road and bridge repair, marriage and death records and property deeds.

Townships are not found in all states, and their responsibilities vary based on their locations. Special districts have distinct functions. One example is the local school district, which oversees education within a particular geographic location. Municipalities are cities, towns or boroughs that have been identified by their states. Typically, municipalities are run by mayors or city managers.