The four types of civil law are torts, contract law, family law and personal disputes. Civil law covers all cases that do not involve the breaking of criminal laws. In most civil cases, the standard of proof is based on the preponderance of the evidence.
The side that wins a civil case may have a case that is more believable than that of the other side. However, some cases require clear and convincing evidence, that is, highly probable facts, as the standard for reaching a decision. Parties in civil cases are typically not provided with a court-appointed attorney; thus, each party has to hire an attorney or represent himself.