**Four key components of a lesson plan are setting objectives, determining performance standards, anticipating ways to grab the students' attention and finding ways to present the lesson.** Teachers should also focus on closing the lesson and encouraging students to engage in independent learning.

Carefully consider several options when developing a lesson plan.

- Determine the lesson's objective Before writing the lesson plan, the teacher needs to identify their objective. This means highlighting what the student should achieve by the end of the lesson.
- Identify the students' standards The lesson plan should then identify what standards the students should achieve by the end of the lesson. Some schools set standards for their teachers.
- Find ways to get the students' attention Lesson plans need to identify ways the teacher can get the students' attention. This can be through statements or actions.
- Develop ways to present the lesson Teachers should find ways to present the lesson, such as through presentations, videos and activities. This also needs to include highlighting ways to check on the students' understanding of the content.
- Conclude the lesson All lessons should include a closing statement that concludes the aims and learning outcomes. At this point, the teacher needs to reinforce what the students need to learn.
- Encourage independent learning Teachers can encourage independent learning either through classroom activities or homework. This should include giving students feedback.