Formal observation refers to the precise, highly controlled methods that take place in a laboratory setting, while informal observation is a more casual observation of the surrounding environment. Anthropologists and others in the soft sciences often make use of informal observation, while hard sciences generally require more stringent methods of empirical assessment.Continue Reading
Audience Dialogue describes formal and informal observations as two equally crucial components of information gathering. The main goal behind any type of observation is to gather data about the subject or subjects being observed. Informal observation can be as simple as watching people from a park bench and noticing trends or patterns in their appearance and clothing.
The Cleremont College of Biology delves into the nature of formal observation and notes how crucial it is to ensure that all observations are made with the utmost objectivity. Informal observations are subjective to a degree, but all measures are taken to ensure that a formal observation is without subjectivity. To do this, most researchers set up a series of controls that allow them to watch the chosen subject with as little interference and distraction as possible. This ensures that any information gathered is true to the subject's usual behavior and not changed by the observer.Learn more about Psychology
A story's setting is comprised of the time, place, culture and environment that serve as the background. In some cases, the setting also serves as an important aspect of a story's plot.Full Answer >
Writing a preschool child observation must capture all aspects of the child’s daily learning and development activities. Such activities include the consistent use of numbers, language skills, understanding of the alphabets and the ability to spell names. Other important aspects of the child observation reports are self-help skills such as the ability to dress and undress, fine motor skills, self-control, verbal communication and empathy.Full Answer >
Systematic observation is a calculated form of observation used to either support or disprove a hypothesis. For an observation to be systematic, it must be free of bias and repeatable.Full Answer >
Positive and negative attitudes are generally formed directly as an outcome of personal experience and observation. Maintaining an attitude involves personal beliefs and feelings, as well as conformity to social norms.Full Answer >