The five major economic goals are full employment, economic growth, efficiency, stability and equity, and they are divided into both macroeconomic and microeconomic goals. On the macroeconomics spectrum, policies are made to reach economic growth, stability and full employment. For microeconomics, decisions and policies are driven towards reaching efficiency and equity. As a whole, society's behavior aims to reach the five economic goals.Continue Reading
At the local market and industries level, the two microeconomic goals drive business decisions and market policies. The goal of efficiency is explained by a situation where society is able to utilize available resources to achieve the maximum level of satisfaction. At maximum efficiency, no change in resource allocation would further increase societal satisfaction. Equity, on the other hand, indicates a state where wealth and income are fairly distributed. The exact definition of equity may differ somewhat depending on the political ideology of the individual.
At the macroeconomic level, the goal of full employment is achieved when available resources are used to produce services and goods. At full employment, scarcity is avoided as all production is geared towards the maximum fulfillment of needs. As an economic goal, stability is attained when there are minimal fluctuations in all market variables, such as production, prices and employment, to avoid recession or inflation. Finally, economic growth refers to an increase in the economy's ability as a whole to produce services and goods, thereby increasing satisfaction levels in society.Learn more about Economics
Among the key advantages of economic growth are improved standards of living, increased employment and investment in cleaner technologies, while some of the major disadvantages are the risk of inflation, pollution and deforestation, traffic congestion and excessive household waste. There are also concerns about the sustainability of economic growth, particularly given the finite nature of the Earth's resources, including rainforests and fish stocks.Full Answer >
The benefits of mercantilism include increased employment, the development of new technologies and products, and positive cultural exchanges as mercantilist nations seek new markets and raw material sources, whereas the disadvantages of the system include increased conflict between nations, growth in trade protectionism and the development of trade monopolies. The Library of Economics and Liberty defines mercantilism as a form of nationalism aimed at building a wealthy and powerful state.Full Answer >
According to Investopedia, the market value of equity is calculated by multiplying the number of a company's outstanding shares by the current price for which the stock is sold. If either the price of the stock or the number of outstanding shares changes, so does the market value of equity.Full Answer >
A 0.7 percent decline in livability worldwide and a 1.3 percent decrease in safety and stability are significant changes in the worldwide standard of living index as of 2015, according to Global Finance. Tunis, Tunisia; Athens, Greece; Sofia, Bulgaria; Moscow; and St. Petersburg, Russia, experienced the largest reduction in standard of living.Full Answer >