What Are the Five General Goals of Criminal Sentencing?

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Criminal sentencing was designed to achieve five general goals: societal retribution, prevention of further criminal acts through incapacitation, deterrence of further crimes, rehabilitation of the offender and victim restoration, which is also called reparation. The traditional types of sentences are fines, probation, incarceration and capital punishment. Some new approaches to sentencing include shock probation, home confinement and intensive supervision.