A female monk is called a nun. Both a monk and a nun work under the same principles of exercising religious sobriety and devoting their lives to their beliefs. Monks and nuns may live either alone or as a group. They thrive to uphold some physical separation from the world.
Some definitions suggest that the difference between a monk and nun is not based on their gender but on their roles. Some people believe that monks dedicate their lives to meditation and study, while nuns are seen as maternal figures who do social work with their orders and spend their lives praying.