The feeling of having something lodged in the throat is referred to as dysphagia and can be caused by several factors that include esophageal spasms, food stuck in the esophagus, chest tumors and nerve conditions, according to MedlinePlus. The sensation can also be triggered by ulcers and certain infections.
Swallowing difficulties can also be caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease, a condition in which the esophagus becomes damaged or narrowed due to chronic back-up of stomach acids, according to Mayo Clinic. The sensation of food stuck in the throat can also be due to pharyngeal diverticula, a condition in which a pouch develops above the esophagus and traps food particles. Additional symptoms of the condition include foul breath and chronic coughing.
Throat tightness and swallowing problems are also symptoms of anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction that occurs when the immune system recognizes certain substances as harmful, according to WebMD. Additional symptoms of anaphylaxis include itching of the eyes, diarrhea, stomach cramps, swelling of the face and hives. Insect stings and foods such as peanuts and shellfish are known triggers of the condition. Certain dairy products can also cause anaphylactic symptoms. The condition can be life-threatening, so it is imperative for individuals to seek immediate medical attention if they are experiencing symptoms.