What Does Federal Government Do?

By Staff WriterLast Updated Mar 27, 2020 5:09:30 AM ET

The federal government performs a number of functions, including maintaining national security, establishing trade agreements with foreign nations, initiating national infrastructure projects and determining the value of currency.The federal government has only those powers specifically granted to it in the U.S. Constitution. However, as time has passed, lawmakers have interpreted the enumerated powers in ways that give the federal government – and especially the executive branch – increasingly greater power.