Wilhelm Wundt is typically considered the father of modern psychology. He founded the first experimental psychology lab in 1879 at the University of Leipzig in Germany.
Until Wundt opened the Institute for Experimental Psychology, the field was widely regarded and studied as an ambiguous combination of philosophy and biology. Wundt's innovations brought the study of the human mind into its own scientific field of study. Wundt's experimental lab provided the model for other German, American and British psychologists during his time. Wundt's specific studies in psychology focused on the way the mind processes and organizes information and stimuli, known as voluntarism. Wundt gathered data through a process called introspection, which is a type of self-observation he taught to his students.