René Descartes, French philosopher and mathematician, is generally regarded as the father of modern philosophy for establishing a beginning point for human existence, states Biography.com. His famous line, "I think; therefore I am" implied that being human requires a distinct core apart from all other matter in the universe and the ability to evaluate situations and concepts mentally.Continue Reading
Descartes' ideas were markedly different from general human understanding during the early 17th century, according to Biography.com. His approach to philosophy was to clear the slate of preconceived beliefs and then add only those things about which it was possible to be certain. The first of these notions was simple human existence.
Biography.com reports that Descartes believed all truths were connected. Using his mathematical background, he sought to prove this was true through rational means.
Sam McNerney of Big Think explains that Descartes highly valued skepticism and reason, both of which he emphasized in his written work "Discourse on the Method." In it, he wrote that truth is available to those who apply both reason and skepticism to reality. At the time, this was not a commonly held belief. In fact, in the early 17th century most Europeans believed consulting with oneself was pointless, as God revealed all.Learn more about Philosophy
Pythagoras was a Greek philosopher and mathematician. He is best known for his contributions to mathematics, particularly the Pythagorean Theorem, and for founding the Pythagorean religion, whose adherents may have contributed some of the mathematical work that is often ascribed to him.Full Answer >
Robert Hooke was an English scientist, mathematician and philosopher who lived between 1635 and 1703. He is known for a variety of accomplishments in the scientific world. According to Biography.com, he is recognized mainly for his discovery of elasticity. Hooke's Law on elasticity explains the relationship between force exerted on a mass and its position.Full Answer >
French philosopher and mathematician Rene Descartes is behind many important concepts, from the Cartesian plane in mathematics to the "I think, therefore I am" philosophy. Descartes was born to humble beginnings, but he managed to become an important thinker and notable person.Full Answer >
Confucius was a Chinese sage and philosopher who lived from 551 to 479 B.C. and was responsible for the official ideology, Confucianism, of early China. His theories became known as Confucianism, a system of social and political morality that some also consider a religion. Although Confucianism was officially abandoned in the 20th century, his philosophies still have large influence on modern Chinese ideals and customs.Full Answer >