Factors that cause population growth include increased food production, improved health care services, immigration and high birth rate. These factors have led to overpopulation, which has more negative effects than positive impacts.
The world population today is over 7 billion and the number is increasing with each passing year. Increased food production has made food available to areas with drought and famine. Proper health care facilities and services have helped to cure and control different diseases. There are more births than deaths, and this can be referred to natural increase, thus leading to population increase. Immigration has contributed to population, in developed countries, as people from developing countries move to these countries to seek better prospects.