What Factors Affect Child Development?

A child’s development is affected by environment, genetics, experiences and relationships. Because there are many factors involved, child development is complex.

Environmental factors, such as income and education, all affect a child’s development. A safe community offers a chance to explore. Income affects nutrition, housing, clothing, toys and access to resources and programs. A parent’s education may affect how often they read to the child.

Biological factors, including gender and health, affect development. Females and males develop at different rates. Children with health or mental issues develop differently. Nutrition and physical activity affect a child’s growth and health.

A child’s relationships are important. Children bond strongly with their parents and play and learn with siblings and peers at school. Some children are involved in Sunday school, daycare or other social groups.

Early sensory experiences affect development. All five senses are involved in a child developing an understanding of the world.