Scapegoats are individuals or groups blamed by society for something that might not entirely be their fault, explains EducationBug.org. Usually, scapegoats are either persons in positions of power, such as leaders of nations or corporate CEOs, who are seen as responsible for everything that happens while they are in power, or they are commonly disdained sub-groups of society who do not have any influence to protest their blame.Continue Reading
The term "scapegoat" comes from Judeo-Christian tradition, and is based on the sacrifice of an animal for the forgiveness of human sins. This means that people sacrifice a "scapegoat" by shifting the blame away from themselves and onto that person.
Throughout the ages, a lot of blame has been put on figures of divinity or mythology, such as the devil, Pandora or Eve from the book of Genesis. Historically, bad fortune and disease were blamed on people thought to be witches; in many instances in Western history people were blamed for being Jewish or homosexual. In the United States, it is common to blame the president whenever the nation has a bad economic year.
Some specific examples include Leon Trotsky, who was blamed by Stalin for all of the problems in Russia; Gaëtan Dugas, for the spread of AIDS; and Andrés Escobar, for his team's defeat in the 1994 World Cup, after which he was shot.Learn more about Social Sciences
Sociocultural factors are customs, lifestyles and values that characterize a society or group. Cultural aspects include concepts of beauty, education, language, law and politics, religion, social organizations, technology and material culture, values and attitudes. Social factors include reference groups, family, role and status in society, time and available resources. An understanding of sociocultural factors is crucial in developing marketing strategies for businesses or organizations seeking action from particular groups.Full Answer >
Some stereotypes of elderly people are positive, such as the idea that wisdom comes with age and that an elderly person's wide range of experience results in intelligence and good sense; other stereotypes of elderly people are negative, such as the idea that elderly people are stuck in another time and baffled by and out of touch with contemporary society. In some cases, these stereotypes represent a fundamental truth about an elderly person, but age does not lead to a single experience and not all elderly people are out of touch with society. Other stereotypes of elderly people include the idea that people reach a certain age where they stop being useful in society and the idea that old people are stubborn and unwilling to try new things.Full Answer >
While not recurring in precisely the same way, historical events, and especially those of an economic, political or social nature, often correspond with later events and those unfolding in the present. As Mark Twain put it, history does not repeat itself, but it does occasionally rhyme. Journalists and historians use these parallels between past and present events to better understand or pose questions about current trends and likely futures.Full Answer >
Case studies are important because they help make something being discussed more realistic for both teachers and learners. Case studies help students to see that what they have learned is not purely theoretical but instead can serve to create practical solutions to real dilemmas.Full Answer >