Some examples of right judgment are decisions which are made based on an examination of the true and complete facts of the issue, represent fairness to all, are dictated by sound ethical principles and bring no further harm to disadvantaged parties. A right, or ethical, judgment is also one which is not inconsistent with existing laws and accepted norms, unless an urgent and compelling reason has forced the decision-making process into the consideration of alternative remedies. A primary component of ethical decision-making is that it should respect basic human rights.
The 18th-century philosopher, Immanuel Kant, argued that decisions and actions should be based on the concept of universalizability. If an action represents one which the doer would want to see become a universal law, and be followed by all of humanity, then it is the right action. Kant also stressed that an action or decision should not be based on the view that a human being is a means to an end. In this way, Kant was putting forth the idea that it is morally wrong to exploit another individual or group in the pursuit of self-interest or gain.