Examples of legal descriptions include fractional descriptions, lots of a subdivision, meets-and-bounds descriptions and course-and-distance descriptions. Fractional descriptions use a rectangular system, which the United Stages adopted in 1787, according to the American Bar Association. In this system, the legal description of 40 acres might be the northwest 1/4 of the southwest 1/4 of section 1 of the designated township and range. Legal descriptions must include the county or parish name.
The writer of the legal description can also refer to a particular lot of a subdivision. If there is no record of further division of the particular lot, its number, along with the subdivision and county name forms the legal description, reports the American Bar Association.
A meets-and-bounds legal description uses natural and artificial divisions, including streets, streams or adjacent properties to describe the land. This type of description must describe each of the boundaries of the land or provide sufficient information to calculate its size and shape, indicates the American Bar Association.
A course-and-distance description begins the description at a point of beginning and then gives angles and lengths to describe the property and close the geometric figure. These descriptions also use curves in describing measurements for the course of the boundary. Many lawyers and land surveyors refer to a course-and-distance description as a meets-and-bounds description, according to the American Bar Association.