The judicial system's power relies on the structure of checks and balances in government. The judicial branch of government includes the Supreme Court, courts of appeal and district courts. The judicial branch checks both the executive and legislative branch, but it also follows balances from these two branches. It has the power to enforce law and order and protect the rights of the citizenry.
The judicial system has the power to protect citizens' rights because it has the recognized authority to pass judgment over congressional acts. This judgment does not happen in only federal court and varies from state to state where certain freedoms vary. Through a system of appeals, some cases reach the Supreme Court where judgments remain final for quite some time. The people have power in the judicial process inside the ballot box when it comes to electing judges and to a lesser degree when they vote for president.
Article 3 of the constitution defines the powers of the judicial branch of the government. Some examples of these powers include jurisdiction, redress and stare decisis. The courts' ability to achieve justice for each person comes from the men and women who work professionally every day to make it operate.