A law enforcement agency arresting more minority citizens than criminal activity dictates is engaging in institutional discrimination. A local housing administration impeding the ability of people from certain ethnic groups or races to buy homes is another example.
An organization with a culture that systemically minimizes promotional opportunities for women also engages in institutional discrimination. Height requirements have been removed from many industries and employment sectors because they discriminate against women, who are typically shorter than men. One of the most significant examples is when a local, state or federal government has laws that unfairly discriminate against citizens based on certain qualities.