One example of individual discrimination is when a hiring manager intentionally passes over a qualified woman in favor of a less-qualified man for a management position. Another example is when a business operator refuses service to someone from a different country or of a certain race.
Individual discrimination involves prejudiced actions by one individual against another individual or group. Refusing to hire someone with a disability that doesn't impede job performance is also discrimination. Age discrimination occurs when a hiring manager refuses to hire someone who is older despite the person being the best candidate. A parent refusing to let her children play with neighborhood children because of race or ethnicity is also guilty of discrimination.