The expansion of the Roman Empire was from about 60 B.C. till the Empire's dissolution in 476 A.D., and many of the innovations that Romans brought to other countries were fueled in part by dwindling resources in the area of Rome itself. As the people of Rome used up firewood, and grains became scarcer due to a rising population, it was the human-environment interaction which led to the political and military decisions to conquer other lands.Continue Reading
The location of Rome on the Tiber River is an example of human-environment interaction. The river provided a ready source of transportation for goods required by the ancient Roman Empire, and it continues to be a source of transportation for modern Rome. Silting of the river over the centuries, however, has meant that the river is no longer navigable except at Rome itself.
There are many examples of how humans both affected and were affected by their environment in Rome: