What Are Some Examples of Egalitarian Societies?

According to an online article in Times Higher Education, the most egalitarian societies existing today include Japan, Sweden, Norway and Finland. In these societies, the principles of Egalitarianism are demonstrated economically, through low incidences of poverty, and socially, in that all citizens are given access to resources and treated equally.

It is important to note that the ideals of many different political doctrines are founded on Egalitarian principles of the fairness and equality of all citizens. The political ideologies of socialism, Marxism, communism and the modern democracy found in the United States all are based on the inherent equality of individuals and are therefore egalitarian to some degree. In practice however, much of the power and influence in societies still resides with an upper or ruling class, as opposed to the general public.