Both residual and institutional social welfare often fall under the same polarized arguments that affect welfare in general, with the view opposed to welfare being that it limits personal freedoms (in terms of property rights in particular), and that redistributed taxation is a form of theft, with the favorable view stating that welfare is practical, democratic and humanitarian in nature. How a welfare system is implemented is generally determined by the most influential of these overall arguments.
Residual and institutional social welfare approaches
There are many ways to interpret what welfare means and what it should provide. Many countries adopt differing approaches, with residual, institutional, solidarity and achievement welfare models being the most common.
Residual welfare is essentially seen as being in place purely for the poorer in society, providing a safety net for those otherwise unable to cope financially.
Institutional welfare practice takes the approach that needs are a part of everyday life, and that welfare should be provided as a public service much in the same way as law enforcement, schooling and infrastructure.
Solidarity welfare is founded on the principle of mutual responsibility, based on the relationships people have with each other in society. This system proposes that rights are dependent on circumstance, not state law.
The achievement model is designed to help support the economy by providing preparation and services to the workforce.