What is an example of an either-or fallacy?


Quick Answer

An example of an either-or fallacy is "Do people need water or air?" This is an either-or fallacy because people actually need both water and air to survive.

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Full Answer

An either-or fallacy is a type of logical reasoning fallacy. It assumes that people need to, have to or should choose between one thing or idea and another thing or idea. Often, decisions are much more complex than simply deciding between one or the other. Therefore, if someone creates a question that assumes someone must choose between two given choices, then the options to respond are limited according to the pre-defined scope. A more complex example of an either/or fallacy is "Either someone loves coffee or someone hates coffee." In reality, the answer to this question could vary, as someone could moderately enjoy coffee, or someone might enjoy certain types of coffee beverages.

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