Ethical considerations involve researchers who undertake studies of human behavior, medical advances or technological devices, while taking into account how humans may feel about the potential outcomes of the research. Controversial subjects that involve ethical considerations include abortion, health care costs, capital punishment and human cloning.
One ethical consideration delineates asking permission of a study's human subjects before performing an experiment. Another example includes getting permission from a company's governing board to do the research. A third ethical consideration involves maintaining anonymity of test subjects, while administering surveys or tests. Accurate reporting of research results, and making valid conclusions, are also ethical considerations when scientists undertake important studies.