The Inuit people of Alaska, known by many throughout the world as Eskimos, incorporate both traditional and modern components into their lifestyle. For example, while the Inuit continue to hunt for sustenance, they supplement their diet with food products purchased at grocery stores. They wear a combination of clothing purchased at department stores and traditional mittens and boots.Continue Reading
Prior to the arrival of white settlers, the Inuit lived in snow huts during the winter and in a tent-like structure called a tupik during the summer. Most Inuit in modern times live in houses equipped with the usual amenities. While modern Inuit people continue to speak their native language, Inuktitut, they are forced to derive new words for many things as technology advances, presenting new products and concepts. Many Inuit people speak English as well.
The traditional methods of Inuit transportation are still in use: kayaking, walking and dog sledding. However, Inuit also drive cars and trucks and own and operate motorized watercraft. The Inuit enjoy all kinds of sports, with hockey being a favorite. Prior to the arrival of Christians, the Inuit practiced a shamanistic spiritual belief system. Many Inuit are Christian, but a number of them continue to practice shamanism.Learn more about Cultures & Traditions
Inuit peoples generally prefer to be referred to as Inuits instead of Eskimos since the latter is widely considered to be derogatory. An Eskimo is a common term that refers to Inuit and Yupik peoples residing in Alaska, Canada, Siberia and Green land, although the term is falling out of use and is considered taboo by many.Full Answer >
Traditional Eskimos, who are also known as the Inuit, wore clothes made of caribou skins. They wore two layers, including an inside layer of animal fur against their skin and an outer layer of skin with fur facing outward. This construction allowed the Inuit to stay warm and dry.Full Answer >
An igloo is a dome-shaped structure built by the Inuit people of Eastern Siberia, Greenland, Alaska and parts of Canada out of snow. Igloos are constructed with dry, hard snow, which provides insulation from wind and cold. An igloo's interior can be up to 40 degrees warmer than the outside.Full Answer >
People of the far north, often known collectively as "Eskimos," have traditionally subsisted on a diet that is exceedingly high in animal protein and fat. According to Discover Magazine, the diet is abnormally low in plant foods and dairy.Full Answer >