The traditional Eskimo diet varies with the seasons. During the winter months, seals, whales and other sea mammals are hunted. The meat is eaten cooked, raw or dried. In summer and fall months, the major food sources are caribou, small game, fish and berries.Continue Reading
A traditional Eskimo delicacy is akutok, often called Eskimo ice cream. This is made from arctic berries, seal oil and caribou meat. Strong hot tea and hard biscuits, made with flour bought from a trading post, are served in nearly every home.
Eskimo is the name given to a group of people living in Alaska, northern Canada, Greenland and the Chukchi Peninsula of northeastern Siberia. The name was long thought to have come from an Algonquian Indian word meaning eaters of raw meat. However, it is now believed to have originated with the Montagnais Indians, a northern Canadian tribe, and may mean snowshoe-netter.
Eskimos possess a unique culture in a cold, harsh environment. They belong to the Mongoloid racial group. Eskimo language, part of the Eskimo-Aleut language family, consists of two branches: Yupik and Inuit. Yupik is spoken in Siberia and southwestern Alaska, and Inuit is spoken in northern Alaska, Canada and Greenland. The Inuit language has several dialects and is called Inupiaq in Alaska, Inuktitut in Canada and Kalaallisut in Greenland. In addition to their own language, many Eskimos read, write and speak English (in North America), Danish (in Greenland) and Russian (in Siberia).Learn more about Cultures & Traditions
The Eskimos, or Inuits, are known for hunting. Their diet consists of whales, seals, polar bears and caribou. Mostly they hunt fish and mammals. Vegetables aren't a central part of their diet because vegetation in the area isn't abundant.Full Answer >
Eskimos live in Arctic regions across the globe, mainly in Canada, Russia, Greenland, the Aleutian Islands and the United States. The term "Eskimo" is rarely used to describe people of these tribes anymore; instead, "Inuit" is appropriately used.Full Answer >
The idea that Eskimos rub their noses together to kiss is a myth. In reality, Eskimos kiss with their lips like other people around the world.Full Answer >
Inuit peoples generally prefer to be referred to as Inuits instead of Eskimos since the latter is widely considered to be derogatory. An Eskimo is a common term that refers to Inuit and Yupik peoples residing in Alaska, Canada, Siberia and Green land, although the term is falling out of use and is considered taboo by many.Full Answer >