Ergonomics helps people be more comfortable at work, reducing stress and injury caused by incorrect positioning and repetitive tasks. Injuries and illnesses at work can be costly to both employees and the organization in terms of time and money. When a work area is set up ergonomically, it reduces the likelihood of certain problems, including headaches, neck pain, back discomfort, bursitis and tendon problems.
Ergonomics refers to the study of the kind of work people do, the environment they work in and the tools they use to perform the work. The purpose of office ergonomics is to set up office space to fit individuals' needs and the work they perform. Office ergonomics focuses on how things are set up in an office environment, such as workstation set up and how long individuals are expected to remain in the same position. Ergonomics also entails how to carry out certain tasks, the types of movements that workers make, whether the same motion is made repeatedly, the nature of the work area (noise, light and temperature), the tools used in accomplishing the job and how workers are set to match the needs of the task.
Most injuries that happen at work result from physical stress and strains, such as remaining in one position for a long time, making repetitive movements and overuse. These injuries can lead to stress and strain on muscles, nerves, tendons, joints, the spine and blood vessels.