The English flag has a red cross on a white background, which represents England's patron saint, Saint George. This symbol is known as Saint George's Cross. The red cross was used by English soldiers in the crusades, and it is believed to have been adopted by Richard the Lionheart.
Saint George's Cross was first used as a royal standard in the 12th century. Saint Georges Cross is not to be confused with the Union Jack, which is the flag of the United Kingdom. The Union Jack is an amalgamation of the national flags of Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales and England