Rural to urban migration reduces population in rural areas, which decreases farming activities, leading to food insecurity. BBC notes that rural to urban migration can lead to child labor when many young males leave for cities in search of employment. This causes a drop in school enrollment. Rural to urban migration also causes overcrowding in urban centers, which leads to a strain on social amenities.Continue Reading
According to Education Portal, rural to urban migration provides manpower to industries, which facilitates production and economic growth. The World Bank Group reveals that rural to urban migration benefits rural communities due to the money that relatives in urban centers send home. However, it causes negative effects on the urban environment and increases the risk to illnesses.
Wikipedia notes that rural urban migration also contributes to an increase in crime rate within urban centers. Excessive or rampant rural to urban migration increases the rate of unemployment, which reduces the standards of living among urban communities. In addition, rural to urban migration affects women in rural areas because they are forced to attend to many chores at home and in farms.
Rural to urban migration leads to the concentration of services and facilities, such as education, health and technology in urban centers, which disadvantages rural communities. It also causes psychological effects, such as the stress that result from traffic, high living costs and taxes.Learn more about Population & Demography
The importance of demography lies in its contribution to helping government and society better prepare to deal for the issues and demands of population growth, aging and migration. The statistics and predictions resulting from demographic studies can, for example, aid in the development of adequate school systems, estimate the required funding for senior services and develop workable healthcare systems. A wide variety of social outcomes are impacted by demographic processes and distributions.Full Answer >
According to the Hardy-Weinberg model, evolution will not occur if the following conditions are met: mutation is not occurring, natural selection is not occurring, the population is infinitely large, all members of population breed, all mating is totally random, everyone produces the same number of offspring, and there is no migration in or out of population. In the real world, some of the conditions can never be met.Full Answer >
A migration map displays how populations move between geographic areas. This type of map allows viewers to visualize and track population trends among humans, animals and diseases.Full Answer >
Migration affects population size by increasing it in areas where resources are plentiful and decreasing it in areas that are struggling for resources. Migration affects specific areas, but does not have an impact on the overall population size of the planet.Full Answer >