Famine causes weight loss in adults and stunted growth in children. If the famine continues for any length of time, malnutrition starts to cause an increase in mortality. The young and the old tend to die first, and often diseases kill more individuals than overt starvation. Mass migrations may occur in response to famines.Continue Reading
In addition to the biological effects of famine, famine causes structural breakdown of society and may lead to dramatic transformations in cultural practices, religions and the structure of government.
Healthy adults are quite resistant to reductions in food intake. Cutting the normal caloric intake in half reduces a person's body weight by 25 percent, but adults can live for considerable periods of time in this state. Reducing the caloric intake even further results in reduced resistance to disease. Adults who survive a period of severely reduced caloric intake are generally able to recover fully when adequate nutrition is restored.
Children subjected to severe caloric restriction during a famine are often permanently affected, both physically and mentally, even after adequate nutrition is restored. Child survivors of famine experience stunted growth, with an average reduction in adult height of 1.1 inches. There are mental effects as well, with famine survivors attaining 6.8 fewer years of education. Ability to work as an adult is also reduced by an average of 12.6 hours per week.Learn more about Social Sciences
Whey protein cannot cause any side effects in both children and adults when taken in the correct amounts, as stated by Mayo Clinic. However, it can lead to several side effects if overused. This includes bloating, tiredness, increased bowel movements, cramps, nausea, tiredness, thirst and loss of appetite.Full Answer >
The side effects of excessive vitamin D levels in children mirror overdose symptoms of adults, and include: kidney stones, nausea, constipation and confusion. Toxic levels of vitamin D in the bloodstream typically arise from taking supplements, rather than food consumption or sun exposure. Despite occurring infrequently, having high levels of vitamin D presents potentially serious medical situations.Full Answer >
Thomas Robert Malthus was an English cleric, scholar and economist who predicted that unchecked population growth would lead to famine and disease. His seminal work was titled "An Essay on the Principle of Population as it Affects the Future Improvement of Society, with Remarks on the Speculations of Mr. Godwin, Mr. Condorcet, and Other Writers."Full Answer >
The vaccine is generally safe for both children and adults, but some possible mild side effects of the pneumonia vaccine are redness at the injection site, muscle pain, fever and in very rare instances an allergic reaction, states WebMD. Fevers are more common in infants or young children. The two types of pneumonia vaccines that are available are the PCV series and PPSV23.Full Answer >