What Are the Effects of Exercise on the Muscular System?

The immediate effects of exercise on the muscular system include muscle contraction, higher blood flow to muscles and increased muscle temperature, according to the BBC. Regular training increases bone width and density, strengthens muscles, tendons and ligaments, and increases flexibility at joints. It also leads to bigger muscles, more stable joints and improved muscle endurance.

Exercise is crucial for strong muscles and bones, according to the New York Times. Studies show that exercise helps people become stronger and leaner and also helps people reduce their risk of body pain, as they age. People with osteoarthritis who exercise regularly report less pain and disability. They are able to perform daily activities and stay independent longer than inactive people. Strengthening exercises are helpful for osteoarthritis patients, as they build muscle strength. For those who do not have osteoarthritis, strengthening exercises for the thigh muscles help prevent this disease.

The New York Times states that range-of-motion exercises, such as yoga and tai chi, improve movement in joints and muscles. Low-impact aerobic exercises, including walking and swimming, are recommended for patients with arthritis, as they effectively support and stabilize joints. Exercise also helps slow down the progression of osteoporosis, and reduces the risk of falling by building balance and flexibility.