Duty-based, or deontological, ethics hold that only actions performed out of (or from) duty have moral or ethical worth. Such actions are contrasted with those performed merely in accordance with duty.Continue Reading
In other words, ethical actions should not be performed out of one's personal inclination, but out of one's duty. This is called "goodwill," and means to act from duty to do good in itself.
The theory was developed by Immanuel Kant, who proposed the following three criteria for testing the moral worth of an action:
The three ethical theories are metaethics, normative ethics and applied ethics. Another term for ethics is moral philosophy. It is the practice of learning about, and recommending practices of right and wrong behavior.Full Answer >
Patient autonomy is the most basic right of every individual and an example of a medical ethics dilemma. Autonomy means "self-rule" and involves the right of an individual to make choices that may go against a physician's treatment advice concerning treatment, or non-treatment, of an existing health issue.Full Answer >
An introductory ethics exam may cover major concepts in ethical theory, such as the differences between deontology and consequentialism. Other items may include Kant's categorical imperative, Mill's utilitarianism, Singer's animal liberation and Rawl's notion of justice.Full Answer >
Most psychologists and researchers agree that ethics can be taught, as did Socrates some 2,500 years ago, which is because ethics requires knowing what a person should do, and that knowledge can be shared. When it comes to moral development in human beings, the Harvard psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg has conducted research showing that a person can still grow from a moral and ethical standpoint later in life.Full Answer >