Disadvantages of living in a small town include limited industry and business opportunities, a limited social circle, a perceived lack of culture, and less access to resources. Traditionally, young people migrate away from small towns to cities to find better job opportunities.
The limitation in employment opportunities is the main disadvantage of small towns. Businesses typically avoid areas with a low population because the potential customer base is so small. Employees may demand significantly lower wages in small towns, but this often contributes to a stagnant company. Because of the lack of new businesses, there are simply fewer available jobs.
In addition, individuals who were born and raised in a small town often cite the social limitations of their environment. The stereotypical view of a small town where "everyone knows everyone" usually has merit, and it is more difficult to make new friends or meet a future spouse. Large cities have greater and more diverse populations, including tourist industries, which appeal to those looking to increase their social circle.
Residents of small towns may also miss out on the culture and resources offered by big cities, unless they live in a suburban town with easy access to an urban environment. Cities offer museums, theaters, historical sites, nightlife and dining. More importantly, access to medical facilities and specialists can be a problem for residents of rural towns. Emergency workers may have a longer response time. Even access to phone signals and wireless Internet can be affected by rural isolation.